September 28, 2010

New service: pay-per-image analysis

The idea behind Pixcavator is this:

Manually counting, measuring, and extracting other data from digital images is often impractical or even impossible.

Pixcavator has helped a lot of people with this problem. But, as easy to use as Pixcavator is, technical difficulties do arise. One is installation and activation. Another comes from the fact that Pixcavator is semi-automatic. It takes some trial-and-error to find the best settings that produce meaningful analysis of your image. Or we can do it for you. That’s what the new service is about.

Since Pixcavator is used, the results are the same. You receive the analyzed image with contours that capture the features you are looking for, and Excel spreadsheet with all the data about them. 
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September 16, 2010

Lengths of curves, revisited

Filed under: computer vision/machine vision/AI,education,mathematics — Peter Saveliev @ 4:27 pm

Previously, I had a few posts on the problems and issues of computing the lengths of digital curves. The lessons are summarized in the wiki.

In a recent post Cris Luengo presesnts his view of the issues with some experimental data. The diagram below shows relative errors of four methods of measuring lengths: “The absolute, relative error is plotted in percentages against the disk’s radius (100⋅|P-2πr|/(2πr))”:

Image:errors of methods of measuring lengths.jpg

I had to extend the graph to make the important point missing from the post: even though some methods improve with incresed resolution, the error does not approach 0.

September 9, 2010

Sub-pixel accuracy for distance measurement: an image analysis example

Filed under: image processing/image analysis software,mathematics — Peter Saveliev @ 9:40 am

Q: “The goal is to find the distance between two light emitters that are both within a single pixel. One will go dark after a period of time and the other will go dark after another period of time. …we are looking to see if you see an issues in some of the techniques we are using or can propose better algorithms.”

Let me summarize.

Problem:

  • Given a few emitters going on and off, find their coordinates from a video.

Challenges:

  • The emitters are blurred forming spikes.
  • There is other noise.
  • The spikes are just a few pixels in size.
  • The sources are sometimes closer than the size of the pixel leading to overlapping spikes.

Main methods:

emitters surface plot

The main issue is this:

  • Averaging the spikes obscures the fact that the coordinates of each spike varies from frame to frame.

How much do they vary? The answer will give you the best possible accuracy of the measurement.

The goal was to test the approach in order to see of it’s possible to track emitters from frame to frame and for that I used Pixcavator. I picked a couple of frames, fairly far apart from each other and converted them to bmp images. I analyzed each with Pixcavator with the same settings. Then I matched the locations. These are the distances between the best matches:

0.30 0.07 0.69 0.15 0.41 0.19 0.92 0.72 0.40 0.60 0.97 0.64 0.15 pixels.

Is this accurate enough?

More details here

September 1, 2010

Three more research papers that use Pixcavator

Filed under: news,updates — Peter Saveliev @ 12:04 pm

These are three research papers that use Pixcavator I discovered (I wish someone simply let me know somehow…):